双月刊

ISSN 1006-9895

CN 11-1768/O4

+高级检索 English
雷暴云中起电活动对动力和微物理过程的影响
作者:
作者单位:

南京信息工程大学气象灾害教育部重点实验室/气候与环境变化国际合作联合实验室/气象灾害预报预警与评估协同创新中心/中国气象局气溶胶与云降水重点开放实验室南京 210044

作者简介:

廉纯皓,男,1991年出生,硕士研究生,主要从事雷暴云数值模拟研究。E-mail: smilebrett@yahoo.com

通讯作者:

郭凤霞,E-mail: guofx@nuist.edu.cn

基金项目:

国家重点研发计划项目 2017YFC1501503 ; 国家自然科学基金项目 41875005 ; 91537209 国家重点研发计划项目2017YFC1501503,国家自然科学基金项目41875005、91537209


Influence of Electrical Activity on Dynamical and Microphysical Processes in Thunderstorms
Author:
Affiliation:

Key Laboratory of Meteorological Disaster, Ministry of Education (KLME)/ Joint International Research Laboratory of Climate and Environment Change (ILCEC)/Collaborative Innovation Center on Forecast and Evaluation of Meteorological Disasters (CIC-FEMD)/ Key Laboratory for Aerosol-Cloud-Precipitation of China Meteorological Administration, Nanjing University of Information Science & Technology, Nanjing 210044

Fund Project:

National Key Research and Development Program of China 2017YFC1501503 ; National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grants 91537209 ; 41875002 Funded by National Key Research and Development Program of China (Grant 2017YFC1501503), National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grants 91537209, 41875002)

  • 摘要
  • |
  • 图/表
  • |
  • 访问统计
  • |
  • 参考文献
  • |
  • 相似文献
  • |
  • 引证文献
  • |
  • 资源附件
    摘要:

    本文通过改变三维强风暴动力—电耦合数值模式中电场参量的引入条件,将电场带入积云运动方程及水凝物下落末速中,模拟比较了有无电场影响下模拟云的主要差异。在考虑电场的作用下,由于初期电活动并不剧烈,降水强度与云内风速变化较小;随着云中起电活动的增强,考虑电场影响的模拟云内上升、下沉风速均有所增加,对应时段的降水强度有明显起伏,但累计液态与固态降水量增加微弱;同时,闪电数目增多,闪电发生得更早,持续的时间更长,电场的影响是不可忽视的。模拟发现:雷暴成熟时期,由于电场力的作用,雹粒子瞬时落速变化的极值均超过10 m s-1,霰粒子瞬时落速变化极值也超过了7 m s-1。但强电场的区域较小,粒子下落时经过强电场区域的时间较短,所以落速极值变化不大,相比之下电场力对半径较小粒子的下落末速的瞬时改变更显著。电场通过对粒子下落速度的影响,改变了水凝物粒子主要源项的生成率,增加雨滴、冰晶粒子的生成率,减小霰、雹粒子的生成率,调整了三相水凝物粒子的时空分布,使云中水汽总量增加9%,释放潜热增加7%,为云体的进一步发展提供了内能。

    Abstract:

    Herein, we compare the primary simulation differences when considering the electric field effect (EFE) in the 3D dynamic-electric coupling numerical cloud model, wherein EFE was introduced into the thermodynamic equations and falling velocities of different hydrometeors. In the EFE calculations, owing to weak initial electrical activity, the dynamical field and precipitation intensity changed only slightly. With enhanced electrical activity, the updraft and downdraft speeds increased and the precipitation intensity exhibited both increase and decrease periods, whereas the total precipitation increased only slightly. Additionally, the amount of lightning nearly doubled, and it was generated earlier and lasted longer; hence, its feedback effect cannot be ignored. The results show that the peaks of the hail and graupel particles’ grid-scale mass-weighted instantaneous falling velocities were 10 m s-1 and 7 m s-1, respectively. Because of the narrow range of the strong electrical field and the direct transient effect on particles of the electric field force, the maximum falling velocities of hydrometeors only fluctuate slightly, but differences in the falling velocities are more obvious among small-size particles. By controlling the hydrometeor falling velocities, the electric field changes the particles’ primary production, increases the production rates of raindrops and ice crystals, decreases the production rates of graupel and hail, adjusts the spatiotemporal distributions of the vapor liquid and solid state hydrometeors, increases water vapor by 9% and latent heating by 7%, and provides internal energy for the further development of thunder clouds.

    参考文献
    相似文献
    引证文献
引用本文

廉纯皓,郭凤霞,曾凡辉,甘明骏,黎奇,刘泽,张晓黄,蔡彬彬,张坤.雷暴云中起电活动对动力和微物理过程的影响.大气科学,2020,44(1):138~149 LIAN Chunhao, GUO Fengxia, ZENG Fanhui, GAN Mingjun, LI Qi, LIU Ze, ZHANG Xiaohuang, CAI Binbin, ZHANG Kun. Influence of Electrical Activity on Dynamical and Microphysical Processes in Thunderstorms. Chinese Journal of Atmospheric Sciences (in Chinese),2020,44(1):138~149

复制
分享
文章指标
  • 点击次数:
  • 下载次数:
  • HTML阅读次数:
  • 引用次数:
历史
  • 收稿日期:2018-10-23
  • 最后修改日期:
  • 录用日期:
  • 在线发布日期: 2020-01-22
  • 出版日期: