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ISSN 1006-9895

CN 11-1768/O4

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集合变分混合同化方案在快速循环同化系统中的应用研究
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北京城市气象研究院

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国家重点研发计划(批准号2018YFC1506804)


Study on the implemention of Hybrid En-3DVAR in Rapid refresh assimilation systm
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1. Institute of Urban Meteorology, China Meteorological Administration

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    摘要:

    基于北京市气象局快速循环同化系统RMAPS-ST以及对流尺度集合预报系统RMAPS-EN,构建了En-3DVAR集合变分混合同化系统,将该系统应用到业务快速循环同化系统中并进行试验,分别在冷启动与循环启动环境下对比了混合同化系统(Hybrid)与三维变分(3DVAR)的同化预报效果。获得的结论如下:单点试验结果表明,混合同化系统分析增量的分布与集合预报离散度分布具有较好的对应关系;在冷启动和循环启动中,三维变分的分析增量都表现出各向同性的特点,混合同化分析增量均表现出一定的流依赖特征;降水个例分析表明,在冷启动环境中,Hybrid与3DVAR效果相当,而在循环启动中,Hybrid的降水预报相对于3DVAR有较明显的改进效果;批量试验检验结果表明,冷启动中,Hybrid与3DVAR的评分大致相当,而在循环启动中,Hybrid相对于3DVAR的评分有明显改进;集合离散度和背景场误差的相关性分析表明二者在循环启动环境下具有更好的相关性。

    Abstract:

    Abstact: The hybrid ensemble-three-dimensional variational data assimilation (En-3DVAR) was constructed based on Rapid-refresh Multi-scale Analysis and Prediction System-Short Term(RMAPS-ST) and RMAPS-EN(-Ensemble) in Beijing Meteorological Bureau.The Hybrid and 3DVAR schemes were conducted in the cold run and cycle run settings based on RMAPS-ST. We get the following conclusions: singleobservation test showed that there is a good correspondence distribution between the hybrid DA(Data analysis)-increment and ensemble spread; the hybrid DA-increment have flow-dependent characteristics in both cold and cycle run but the 3DVAR DA-increment is isotropic; A rainfall case study revealed that Hybrid and 3DVAR have the almost same influence on the precipitation in cold run,but Hybrid scores are significantly improved compared to 3DVAR in the cycle run; the analysis from the ensemble spread and background-error show that they have better correlation in cycle run than the cold run.

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历史
  • 收稿日期:2020-02-21
  • 最后修改日期:2020-06-01
  • 录用日期:2020-08-25
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