doi:  10.3878/j.issn.1006-9895.1505.15140
关于《大气环流的若干基本问题》

On “Some Fundamental Problems of the General Circulation of the Atmosphere”
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基金:  国家自然科学基金项目41275084、41576025
中文关键词:  叶笃正  朱抱真  大气环流  大型涡旋  经圈环流
英文关键词:  Yeh Tu-cheng (Ye Du-zheng)  Chu Pao-chen (Zhu Bao-zhen)  General circulation  Large-scale eddy  Meridional circulation
  
作者中文名作者英文名单位
吕建华LU Jianhua中国科学院大气物理研究所大气科学和地球流体力学数值模拟国家重点实验室, 北京 100029;佛罗里达州立大学海洋—大气预报研究中心, 美国, 塔拉哈西 32310
引用:吕建华.2016.关于《大气环流的若干基本问题》[J].大气科学,40(1):78-85,doi:10.3878/j.issn.1006-9895.1505.15140.
Citation:LU Jianhua.2016.On “Some Fundamental Problems of the General Circulation of the Atmosphere”[J].Chinese Journal of Atmospheric Sciences (in Chinese),40(1):78-85,doi:10.3878/j.issn.1006-9895.1505.15140.
中文摘要:
      本文简要回顾了《大气环流的若干基本问题》的主要内容.以书中部分内容为例,通过和近期大气环流理论的进展相联系,指出叶笃正和朱抱真在书中表达的主要观点,如对大型涡旋在经圈环流中的第一性作用及其作为联系大气环流各主要成员和物理量输送中心环节的认识,对大型涡旋涡度输送在急流形成和维持中作用的强调,以及对大气环流成员和过程的内在统一性的认识等等,能为后来的理论进展所证实,或者和后来的理论互为补充.两位作者对大气环流物理本质和整体图像的深刻理解对大气环流理论的进一步发展以及理解气候变化的基本动力学依然具有现实的意义.
Abstract:
      This paper revisits the seminal monograph "Some Fundamental Problems of the General Circulation of the Atmosphere" by Yeh and Chu (1958). Taking the theoretical analyses of the mean meridional circulation, the formation and maintenance of the westerly jet, and the internal consistency of the general circulation as examples, the paper analyzes the physical consistency between recent developments in these topics and the views of Yeh and Chu (1958). Some viewpoints of the book, such as the central role of large-scale eddies in mean meridional circulation, the role of eddy-induced vorticity transport in jets, and large-scale eddies as the nexus of the main components of general circulation and physical transport processes of angular momentum, heat, and kinetic energy, illustrate the far-reaching insight of Yeh and Chu on the nature and picture of the general circulation of the atmosphere as a whole. The deep insights of the monograph are still highly meaningful for furthering theoretical research on general circulation and its role in climate change.
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