doi:  10.3878/j.issn.1006-9895.1711.17240
季风亚洲区域集成研究国际计划(MAIRS)10年回顾

Review of the Monsoon Asia Integrated Regional Study (MAIRS) Program over the Past 10 Years
摘要点击 99  全文点击 233  投稿时间:2017-09-19  
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基金:  季风亚洲区域变化集成研究计划、江苏省气候变化协同创新中心
中文关键词:  季风亚洲  全球变化  区域集成  国际研究计划
英文关键词:  Monsoon Asia  Global change  Regional integration  International research program
     
作者中文名作者英文名单位
符淙斌FU Congbin南京大学大气科学学院, 南京 210023;中国科学院大气物理研究所, 北京 100029
MANTONMichaelMANTON MichaelMonash University, Melbourne Australia
引用:符淙斌,MANTONMichael.2018.季风亚洲区域集成研究国际计划(MAIRS)10年回顾[J].大气科学,42(3):524-532,doi:10.3878/j.issn.1006-9895.1711.17240.
Citation:FU Congbin,MANTON Michael.2018.Review of the Monsoon Asia Integrated Regional Study (MAIRS) Program over the Past 10 Years[J].Chinese Journal of Atmospheric Sciences (in Chinese),42(3):524-532,doi:10.3878/j.issn.1006-9895.1711.17240.
中文摘要:
      季风亚洲区域集成研究(Monsoon Asia Integrated Regional Study,简称MAIRS)是国际全球变化研究计划(GEC)和地球系统科学联盟(ESSP)的一个子计划,是全球变化邻域第一个由中国科学家提出,并组织实施的国际计划,历时10余年。MAIRS明确提出:不同于过去和正在进行的任何一个关于季风的研究计划,MAIRS研究的主题是人类与季风系统的相互作用。本文从四个方面回顾了这个计划的历程:(1)2003~2006年的可行性研究。包括区域集成研究概念的提出、亚洲区域全球变化研究的快速评估、以及在此基础上确定MAIRS的总体科学目标和起草MAIRS的科学计划。(2)2006年正式发布的MAIRS科学计划的主要内容。包括季风亚洲区域面临的环境变化和研究挑战、集成研究的科学问题、四个最脆弱区域的确定以及计划执行的方法和手段等。(3)2006~2016年MAIRS计划的执行情况。包括组织结构、科学活动、研究项目和成果、以及国际合作网络的建立。(4)MAIRS的国际影响和未来发展。MAIRS与未来地球国际计划(Future Earth)。
Abstract:
      Monsoon Asia Integrated Regional Study (MAIRS) is a component of both the International Global Environmental Change (GEC) Research Program and the Earth System Science Partnership (ESSP). It is the first sub-program in the area of global change research proposed and initiated by Chinese scientists and has been implemented in collaboration with the international scientific community for more than 10 years.
MAIRS is clearly differentiated from any previous and on-going monsoon-related program. The major theme of MAIRS is to study the human-monsoon interaction in the sustainable development of monsoon Asia. This paper reviews the development and progress of MAIRS over the past decade in the following aspects:(1) Feasibility study, including the development of a concept of Regional Integrated Study of Global Change and a START-SCOPE/ICSU project of rapid assessment of on-going global change research in Asia. Based on these researches, the major challenges for MAIRS are identified and the initial science plan has been drafted during this period. (2) Main contents of the science plan, including critical environmental issues that the monsoon Asia region is now facing, the major research challenges and the proposed main integrated research themes and the four most vulnerable zones, and implementation processes, etc.. (3) Progress in 2006-2016, including organization and structure; scientific activities, research projects and major achievements, and the development of international research network. (4) International visibility of MAIRS and future development:transition to a component of Future Earth/ICSU.
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