违反了 PRIMARY KEY 约束 'PK_t_counter'。不能在对象 'dbo.t_counter' 中插入重复键。 语句已终止。 华南地区21世纪中后期旱涝变化的情景分析-Scenario Analysis of Drought/Flood Change in the Middle and Late 21st Century in South China
doi:  10.3878/j.issn.1006-9585.2017.17018
华南地区21世纪中后期旱涝变化的情景分析

Scenario Analysis of Drought/Flood Change in the Middle and Late 21st Century in South China
摘要点击 380  全文点击 651  投稿时间:2017-02-13  
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基金:  国家海洋局南海分局海洋科学技术局长基金1716,国家自然科学基金面上项目41675043、41375050,广东省水利科技创新项目2016-02
中文关键词:  华南地区  PRECIS模式  旱涝变化  情景分析
英文关键词:  South China area  PRECIS model  Drought/Flood Change  Scenario analysis
              
作者中文名作者英文名单位
吴美双WU Meishuang国家海洋局南海预报中心, 广州 510000
黎伟标LI Weibiao中山大学大气科学学院, 广州 510275
许吟隆XU Yinlong中国农业科学院农业环境与可持续发展研究所, 北京 100081
李秀珍LI Xiuzhen中山大学大气科学学院, 广州 510275
张敏ZHANG Min国家海洋局南海预报中心, 广州 510000
引用:吴美双,黎伟标,许吟隆,李秀珍,张敏.2018.华南地区21世纪中后期旱涝变化的情景分析[J].气候与环境研究,23(2):241-251,doi:10.3878/j.issn.1006-9585.2017.17018.
Citation:WU Meishuang,LI Weibiao,XU Yinlong,LI Xiuzhen,ZHANG Min.2018.Scenario Analysis of Drought/Flood Change in the Middle and Late 21st Century in South China[J].Climatic and Environmental Research(in Chinese),23(2):241-251,doi:10.3878/j.issn.1006-9585.2017.17018.
中文摘要:
      利用区域气候模式PRECIS(Providing Regional Climates for Impacts Studies),首先选取若干旱涝指标,在验证模式对各旱涝指标的模拟能力的基础上,分析SRES A1B(Special Report on Emissions Scenarios A1B)情景下华南地区21世纪中后期(2040~2099年)各旱涝指标相对气候基准时段(1961~1990年)的变化情况,进而初步探讨华南地区未来旱涝情况的可能变化。研究表明,PRECIS能够较好地模拟出所选取的旱涝指标的年际变化和月变化特征;在SRES A1B情景下,21世纪中后期华南地区极端强降水事件的发生频率和强度都将显著增加,且强降水期将有所延长,从而使得华南地区出现雨涝灾害的可能性大大增加。与此同时,华南地区未来在春季、夏季和秋季发生气象干旱的可能性变化不显著,但在冬季发生气象干旱的可能性却将增加,尤其是在21世纪后30年冬季出现气象干旱的可能性更高。
Abstract:
      This paper exploits the regional climate mode PRECIS (Providing Regional Climates for Impacts Studies) to analyze the changes of the drought and flood indices in South China in the middle and later period of the 21st century under the SRES A1B (Special Report on Emissions Scenarios A1B) scenario compared with the climatic reference period (1961-1990). Plenty of drought and flood indices are utilized first to verify the capacity of PRECIS for drought and flood indices simulation. Possible changes of the future drought and flood conditions in South China are preliminarily discussed. Results indicate that PRECIS can well simulate yearly and monthly changing features of the selected drought and flood indices. Under the SRES A1B scenario, the frequency and intensity of extreme precipitation event in South China in the middle and later period of the 21st century will increase dramatically, and the period of precipitation extreme will increase too, thereby the possibility of flood disaster occurrence will grow to a large extent. Meanwhile, possible changes of meteorological drought in spring, summer and autumn in South China is not obvious, but in winter the possibility will rise, especially in the winters of the last thirty years of the 21st century, the possibility will be higher.
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